All of these formats can be used as format strings with many dot.net framework functions (System.String.Format, StringBuilder.AppendFormat, etc...)

Base decimal value: 321543.23
Base Int32 value: 321545
Base DateTime value: 5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM

Note that some of these formats behave differently when grouped with other formats.
For example, notice the difference between {0:g} and {0: g gg}

Print formats

321543.23 - Currency: {0:c} $321,543.23
321543.23 - Currency with 4 decimals: {0:c4} $321,543.2300
321545 - Decimal: {0:d} 321545
321543.23 - Scientific: {0:e} 3.215432e+005
321543.23 - Fixed: {0:f3} 321543.230
321543.23 - General: {0:g} 321543.23
321543.23 - Number: {0:n} 321,543.23
321543.23 - Number with no decimals: {0:n0} 321,543
321543.23 - Number with 4 decimals: {0:n4} 321,543.2300
321543.23 - Percent: {0:p} 32,154,323.00 %
321543.23 - Percent with no decimals: {0:p0} 32,154,323 %
321543.23 - Percent with 4 decimals: {0:p4} 32,154,323.0000 %
321545 - Hex: {0:x} 4e809
321545 - HexFixed: {0:x8} 0004e809
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Short date: {0:d} 5/26/2015
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Long date: {0:D} Tuesday, May 26, 2015
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Full (long date - short time): {0:f} Tuesday, May 26, 2015 11:27 AM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Full (long date - long time): {0:F} Tuesday, May 26, 2015 11:27:54 AM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - General (short date - short time): {0:g} 5/26/2015 11:27 AM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - General (short date - long time): {0:G} 5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Month Day: {0:m} May 26
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - RFC1123: {0:r} Tue, 26 May 2015 11:27:54 GMT
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Sortable/ISO8601: {0:s} 2015-05-26T11:27:54
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Short time: {0:t} 11:27 AM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Long time: {T} 11:27:54 AM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - 's' but uses Universal time: {0:u} 2015-05-26 11:27:54Z
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Universal sortable: {0:U} Tuesday, May 26, 2015 3:27:54 PM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - Year Month: {0:y} May, 2015
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Days: {0:d dd ddd dddd} 26 26 Tue Tuesday
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Fractions: {0:f ff fff ffff fffff ffffff} 4 46 465 4652 46523 465234
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Eras: {0:g gg} A.D. A.D.
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Hours: {0:h hh H HH} 11 11 11 11
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Months: {0:M MM MMM MMMM} 5 05 May May
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Minutes: {0:m mm} 27 27
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Seconds: {0:s ss sss} 54 54 54
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All AM/PM: {0:t tt ttt} A AM AM
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Years: {0:y yy yyy} 15 15 2015
5/26/2015 11:27:54 AM - All Timezones: {0:z zz zzz zzzz} -4 -04 -04:00 -04:00